org.apache.tools.mail
Class MailMessage

java.lang.Object
  |
  +--org.apache.tools.mail.MailMessage

public class MailMessage
extends java.lang.Object

A class to help send SMTP email. This class is an improvement on the sun.net.smtp.SmtpClient class found in the JDK. This version has extra functionality, and can be used with JVMs that did not extend from the JDK. It's not as robust as the JavaMail Standard Extension classes, but it's easier to use and easier to install, and has an Open Source license.

It can be used like this:

 String mailhost = "localhost";  // or another mail host
 String from = "Mail Message Servlet <MailMessage@server.com>";
 String to = "to@you.com";
 String cc1 = "cc1@you.com";
 String cc2 = "cc2@you.com";
 String bcc = "bcc@you.com";
  
 MailMessage msg = new MailMessage(mailhost);
 msg.setPort(25);
 msg.from(from);
 msg.to(to);
 msg.cc(cc1);
 msg.cc(cc2);
 msg.bcc(bcc);
 msg.setSubject("Test subject");
 PrintStream out = msg.getPrintStream();
  
 Enumeration enum = req.getParameterNames();
 while (enum.hasMoreElements()) {
   String name = (String)enum.nextElement();
   String value = req.getParameter(name);
   out.println(name + " = " + value);
 }
  
 msg.sendAndClose();
 

Be sure to set the from address, then set the recepient addresses, then set the subject and other headers, then get the PrintStream, then write the message, and finally send and close. The class does minimal error checking internally; it counts on the mail host to complain if there's any malformatted input or out of order execution.

An attachment mechanism based on RFC 1521 could be implemented on top of this class. In the meanwhile, JavaMail is the best solution for sending email with attachments.

Still to do:

Version:
1.1, 2000/03/19, added angle brackets to address, helps some servers version 1.0, 1999/12/29

Field Summary
static java.lang.String DEFAULT_HOST
          default mailhost
static int DEFAULT_PORT
          default port for SMTP: 25
 
Constructor Summary
MailMessage()
          Constructs a new MailMessage to send an email.
MailMessage(java.lang.String host)
          Constructs a new MailMessage to send an email.
MailMessage(java.lang.String host, int port)
          Constructs a new MailMessage to send an email.
 
Method Summary
 void bcc(java.lang.String bcc)
          Sets the bcc address.
 void cc(java.lang.String cc)
          Sets the cc address.
 void from(java.lang.String from)
          Sets the from address.
 java.io.PrintStream getPrintStream()
          Returns a PrintStream that can be used to write the body of the message.
 void replyto(java.lang.String rto)
          Sets the replyto address This method may be called multiple times.
 void sendAndClose()
          Sends the message and closes the connection to the server.
 void setHeader(java.lang.String name, java.lang.String value)
          Sets the named header to the given value.
 void setPort(int port)
          Set the port to connect to the SMTP host.
 void setSubject(java.lang.String subj)
          Sets the subject of the mail message.
 void to(java.lang.String to)
          Sets the to address.
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
 

Field Detail

DEFAULT_HOST

public static final java.lang.String DEFAULT_HOST
default mailhost

See Also:
Constant Field Values

DEFAULT_PORT

public static final int DEFAULT_PORT
default port for SMTP: 25

See Also:
Constant Field Values
Constructor Detail

MailMessage

public MailMessage()
            throws java.io.IOException
Constructs a new MailMessage to send an email. Use localhost as the mail server with port 25.

Throws:
java.io.IOException - if there's any problem contacting the mail server

MailMessage

public MailMessage(java.lang.String host)
            throws java.io.IOException
Constructs a new MailMessage to send an email. Use the given host as the mail server with port 25.

Parameters:
host - the mail server to use
Throws:
java.io.IOException - if there's any problem contacting the mail server

MailMessage

public MailMessage(java.lang.String host,
                   int port)
            throws java.io.IOException
Constructs a new MailMessage to send an email. Use the given host and port as the mail server.

Parameters:
host - the mail server to use
port - the port to connect to
Throws:
java.io.IOException - if there's any problem contacting the mail server
Method Detail

setPort

public void setPort(int port)
Set the port to connect to the SMTP host.

Parameters:
port - the port to use for connection.
See Also:
DEFAULT_PORT

from

public void from(java.lang.String from)
          throws java.io.IOException
Sets the from address. Also sets the "From" header. This method should be called only once.

Parameters:
from - the from address
Throws:
java.io.IOException - if there's any problem reported by the mail server

replyto

public void replyto(java.lang.String rto)
Sets the replyto address This method may be called multiple times.

Parameters:
rto - the replyto address

to

public void to(java.lang.String to)
        throws java.io.IOException
Sets the to address. Also sets the "To" header. This method may be called multiple times.

Parameters:
to - the to address
Throws:
java.io.IOException - if there's any problem reported by the mail server

cc

public void cc(java.lang.String cc)
        throws java.io.IOException
Sets the cc address. Also sets the "Cc" header. This method may be called multiple times.

Parameters:
cc - the cc address
Throws:
java.io.IOException - if there's any problem reported by the mail server

bcc

public void bcc(java.lang.String bcc)
         throws java.io.IOException
Sets the bcc address. Does NOT set any header since it's a *blind* copy. This method may be called multiple times.

Parameters:
bcc - the bcc address
Throws:
java.io.IOException - if there's any problem reported by the mail server

setSubject

public void setSubject(java.lang.String subj)
Sets the subject of the mail message. Actually sets the "Subject" header.

Parameters:
subj - the subject of the mail message

setHeader

public void setHeader(java.lang.String name,
                      java.lang.String value)
Sets the named header to the given value. RFC 822 provides the rules for what text may constitute a header name and value.

Parameters:
name - name of the header
value - contents of the header

getPrintStream

public java.io.PrintStream getPrintStream()
                                   throws java.io.IOException
Returns a PrintStream that can be used to write the body of the message. A stream is used since email bodies are byte-oriented. A writer can be wrapped on top if necessary for internationalization. This is actually done in Message.java

Returns:
a printstream containing the data and the headers of the email
Throws:
java.io.IOException - if there's any problem reported by the mail server
See Also:
Message

sendAndClose

public void sendAndClose()
                  throws java.io.IOException
Sends the message and closes the connection to the server. The MailMessage object cannot be reused.

Throws:
java.io.IOException - if there's any problem reported by the mail server


Copyright 2000-2005 Apache Software Foundation. All Rights Reserved.